In other words, your students are encouraged to imitate the language that ‘native speakers’. ELT Journal, Advance online publication. In other words, we want to focus on communicative skills in our classes. A TESL course is a highly respected qualification in Canada and will qualify you to teach English as a Second Language (ESL) to students whose first language is not English. Around 10% of the world are EFL users/learners; 80% of the world speaks no English. Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. And I’m included in this because I’m guilty of this myself as well. There are times, however, when the limited use of the students’ first language can be useful. Native, A lot of you are probably familiar with the acronym EFL, or English as a Foreign Language. Routledge. And number three: this leads to the idea that having a foreign accent is something bad. EFL definition: 1. abbreviation for English as a Foreign Language: the teaching of English to students whose first…. TEFL stands for Teaching English as a Foreign Language to people whose first language isn’t English. ESL is used when people learn English in an English speaking country. ESL and EFL are not the same in the context of World Englishes and the Expanding Circle, but they are often considered equivalent otherwise. TEFL can occur either within the state school system or more privately, at a language school or with a tutor. The first main difference is that when teaching ELF, the focus is on intelligibility and the ability to communicate successfully in international contexts rather than on conformity with standard ‘native speaker’ models. © All rights reserved. English as a Foreign Language loosely corresponds with the Expanding Circle theory of language described by linguist Braj Kachru in "Standards, Codification and Sociolinguistic Realism: The English Language in the Outer Circle.". Promote equality. Innovation in Language Learning and Teaching, 12(2), 152–163. And just bearing the numbers in mind, that there are probably four or five times as many ‘non-native speakers’ as there are ‘native speakers’, the chances are that your students are much more likely to interact with other ‘non-native speakers’ than they are with those perceived as ‘native speakers’. The methods and approaches of teaching English as a second language and foreign language do differ greatly," (Fernandez 2012). English to know basic terms in the field. An evaluation of the global orientation of English textbooks in Germany. For example, if the majority of students have spoken English since birth and you teach exclusively in English, you know that you are dealing with an ENL country. Native English speakers are in the inner circle, English-speaking countries that have historically adopted English as a second language or lingua franca are in the outer circle, and countries in which English is used some but is not widely spoken are in the expanding circle. EFL is used when people learn English in a non-English speaking country. Here’s a lesson plan to help you do this. So to sum up, the EFL approach to teaching English in many of its assumptions, core beliefs and practices is very native speakerist. Another really important difference with teaching EFL is that when we teach ELF, rather than emphasize the target culture of those perceived as ‘native speakers’, we want to emphasize intercultural communicative skills. Kiczkowiak, M. (In press). TEFL can occur either within the state school system or more privately, at a language school or with a tutor. Since the end of the 18th century, a number of well-known English teaching methods have adopted a monolingual approach to language I wrote more about it here. Free interactive exercises to practice online or download as pdf to print. Malaysia was once considered an ESL country but now leans more towards EFL. A TEFL certification course may include units specific to teaching abroad covering topics such as resume preparation and teaching destinations. EFL stands for ‘English as a Foreign Language’. It puts those perceived as ‘native speakers’ as the only and default correct language and culture models. explain: "ESL and EFL instructional approaches differ in significant ways. As a non-native teacher myself I have had to overcome quite a few prejudices over the years and people’s preconceived ideas of what an English teacher should look like and be.”, “I wholeheartedly support the aims of this blog – the ending of discrimination against more than 96% of the teachers of English in the world. According to this theory, English is a native language in the inner circle (ENL), a second language in the outer circle (ESL), and a foreign language in the expanding circle (EFL). Well, 99% of the time it’s going to be a standard ‘native speaker’ voice. ), Principles and Practices for Teaching English as an International Language. And again, this simply reflects the reality of the English language: those who speak it as the first language constitute perhaps 20 percent of all people who use English. ELT Journal, 74(1), 1–9. The final step in your TEFL journey is to … Some of you probably have heard as well, I had been working as the Director of Studies (DoS) at a language school in Siberia for over a year when the time came to. Teaching English as a foreign language (TEFL) refers to teaching the English language to students with different first languages, typically used to imply that the English Language Learner may have already learned more than one language, prior to learning English. Tackle native speakerism. Find out what makes our University so special – from our distinguished history to the latest news and campus developments. Third, when teaching listening, you would want to use a very wide variety of ‘non-native speakers’ in your recordings. Second, instead of having standard ‘native speaker’ pronunciation as the only goal that our students should  spire to, when teaching ELF, we focus on intelligibility in international contexts. It was intended to improve on Fortran by adding control structures similar to those of C and was implemented as a preprocessor to a Fortran compiler. Not very, if you are a learner. In other words, on clear pronunciation in international contexts and being easy to understand to a wide variety of people. In India, the medium of instruction in schools was changed from English to the regional languages after Independence, and subsequently there has been a gradual process of Indianization of the universities, which at one time were all English-medium," (Barber 2000). related. The reason why has to do with how English came to be spoken and how it is primarily used. As English spreads globally, more countries are added to the circles. In teaching EFL, there is also emphasis, or at least historically there has been a lot of  emphasis, on what is perceived as native speaker culture. On the other hand, an EFL classroom is one in which English is not the native language, as is true of many European countries, where it is common to learn to speak more than one foreign language. Using learners’ first language (L1) is widely avoided in English as a foreign language (EFL) classes (Cook, 2001; Littlewood & Yu, 2011). As researchers such as Matsuda point out, in published materials there are also mostly interactions either between two ‘native speakers’ or between a ‘non-native speaker’ and a ‘native speaker.’ This is of course despite the fact that most English users worldwide are ‘non-native speakers’. Kiczkowiak, M. (2017). And even when considered separate, classifying a country or region as ESL- or EFL-speaking is difficult, as Charles Barber explains briefly in the following excerpt. Matsuda, A. The European Journal of Applied Linguistics and TEFL, 6(1). Seven principles for writing materials for English as a lingua franca. Pronunciation in course books: English as a Lingua Franca perspective. (2019). Using your Students’ First Language in the EFL Classroom It is important to use English in the classroom as the target language and as the teaching language. ", I think this is a brilliant cause and it’s about time something was done to raise awareness and bring equality and balance to our profession. The precise usage, including the different use of the terms ESL and ESOL in different countries, is described below. As a result, historically, in many of the published materials there has been a rather narrow range of ‘non-native speaker’ voices. English as a Second Language (ESL) and English as a Foreign Language (EFL) require two different strategies for teaching for a number of reasons. Most people don’t know the difference between the two and don’t consider the difference when they set out to teach English. What Does it Mean to Have English as a Native Language? And I would argue that as a result it serves to further perpetuate native speakerism (Kiczkowiak & Lowe, 2018), or the idea that those perceived as ‘native speakers’ are superior, not onlylinguistically but also pedagogically. This is not to be confused with English as a Second Language—also called English as an Additional Language—which is the practice of learning English in a predominantly English-speaking country. We also get your email address to automatically create an account for you in our website. But there us unfortunately a much darker side to it. It’s important to know what each one is so that the different needs of the students can be met. English as a Foreign Language (EFL) is the term used to describe the study of English by non-native speakers in countries where English is not the dominant language. Lee Gunderson et al. Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) refers to teaching English to students whose first language is not English. There are times, however, when limited use of the students’ first language can be useful. The list of acronyms and abbreviations related to EFL - English as a First Language And more specifically, I’ve been talking a lot about teaching ELF. Saville-Troike (2006) states that the former term refers to the use of English in official institutions, such as … English is a foreign language for the other 90%. Finally, there is also very little discussion of the global spread of English, and its implications for teaching and learning English, as well as of native speakerism and its impact on English language teaching. Would love your thoughts, please comment. Students who have completed their studies at a Cegep or University must forward a copy of their degree. You will need a TEFL before you arrive to teach English at EF, but we can help you complete a course free of charge. The way that English is taught in a given country plays a key role in determining what variety of English is spoken there. In other words, we want to help students be able to navigate their way in between a myriad of different peoples, cultures, and first languages. TEFL stands for Teaching English as a Foreign Language but is often used to describe the basic-level certification qualifying someone to teach ESL. Complete IGCSE English First Language (0500) Past Papers Cambridge IGCSE First Language English is designed for learners whose first language is English. On an exam we might grade them down because we see them as not using standard ‘native speaker’ language, we see they as translating from the first language, code switching, and we see that as something negative. Cambridge IGCSE First Language English also develops more general analysis and communication skills such as inference, and the ability to order facts and present opinions effectively. Firstly, EFL is essentially a UK term whereas ESL is an American term. Courses running between 5th July and 27th August 2021 Join any Monday up to 16th August EFL (English as a First Language) Dear Reader, As far as I know, I coined this sarcastic term about a decade and a half ago, but with modern cultural churn who can tell anymore if they invented anything or just heard it, forgot it, remembered it, and mistook remembering for inventing. So what is the difference between teaching EFL, English as a Foreign Language, and teaching ELF, English as a Lingua Franca? And again, this simply reflects the reality of the English language: those who speak it as the first language constitute perhaps 20 percent of all people who use English. Its name is an initialism for Extended Fortran Language. EFL EFL is a programming language originated by programmer A.D. Hall in the late 1970s and completed by Stuart Feldman. When you login first time using a Social Login button, we collect your account public profile information shared by Social Login provider, based on your privacy settings. These terms are most commonly used in relation to teaching and learning English as a second language, but they may also be used in relation to demographic information. In L. Alsagoff, W. A. Renandya, S. L. Mckay, & G. Hu (Eds. https://doi.org/10.1093/elt/ccz042. We often like to think of ELT as an open-minded, nice and tolerant profession. These are the inner, outer, and expanding circles. ... As the number of ESL students has increased in schools across North America, more classrooms and schools have become more like EFL than ESL environments," (Gunderson et al. There are absolutely no grounds for discrimination these days. And also on how to write materials for teaching ELF. An EFL course is a course that helps a student over the age of 16 years old improve their English. Kiczkowiak, M., & Lowe, R. J. "The distinction between second language and foreign language is not ... a sharp one, and there are cases, like Indonesia, where classification is disputable. EFL is usually learned in environments where the language of the community and the school is not English. It is important to use English in the classroom as the target language and as the teaching language. You can see exactly what 5 steps you should follow in this video. About NUI Galway. Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) refers to teaching the English language to students with different first languages. DELTA Publishing. An ESL classroom is one in which English is the primary national language. Now another thing that happens in teaching EFL is that ‘non-native speakers’ will be very, very rarely used as language models. Teaching English as a lingua franca: The journey from EFL to ELF. So how do the methods of teaching English as a second language and as a foreign language differ? By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, How EFL Relates to the Expanding Circle Theory, Definition of English as a Second Language (ESL), The "Inner Circle" of the English Language, The 'Expanding Circle' of English-Speaking Countries. EFL learners have all the difficulties of practicing English outside school that Irish or Australians doing high-school French have. The circles represent the different tiers of World Englishes. For example, in a recent study by Si (2019), who analysed popular business English course books (such as Market Leader), only 16% of all voices in the recordings were found to be ‘non-native speakers’. So there are some fundamental differences between teaching EFL and teaching ELF. The case of English in Indonesia is a unique one because experts can't quite agree on whether English should be considered a foreign language or a second language in this Asian country. In order to do this, a qualification to train you up to be a teacher should be obtained. And you really need to reflect that in your materials. Moreover, there is a considerable amount of variation in the roles played by second languages, for example in education, in the fields of discourse used, and in the giving of prestige or power. The movement towards English as a foreign language began at independence, and English is now the main foreign language being learned in Indonesia. What would our typical reaction to that be? What EFL courses are there to choose from? English as a second language is learned in environments where English is already regularly spoken; English as a foreign language is learned in environments where English is not spoken. 2009). I still time and time again come up against ‘native speakers’ who will argue that they are entitled to the privilege that they enjoy in English language teaching because of the knowledge of the target native speaker culture. Learn how your comment data is processed. Be careful though. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. English as a Second Language (ESL) worksheets and online activities. Another aspect that I think is vital as well when teaching ELF is to use non-native speakers as models of the language. For these reasons, ESL is typically the term used in the United States, an English-speaking nation, whereas EFL is more often the term of … International students must provide evidence of language proficiency in English by sending us a copy of either a TOEFL or IELTS score. https://doi.org/10.1080/17501229.2015.1120736. Ultimately, writer Christopher Fernandez argues, English is only considered a medium of instruction in education and government in ESL or ENL contexts, not EFL. A lot of you are probably familiar with the acronym EFL, or English as a Foreign Language. Foreign Language Requirement for College Admissions, New Englishes: Adapting the Language to Meet New Needs, Definition and Examples of a Lingua Franca, 10 Myths About Spanish and the People Who Speak It, Key Events in the History of the English Language, English Language: History, Definition, and Examples, Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York. Teaching Materials in EIL. This is not to be confused with English as a Second Language —also called English as an Additional Language —which is the practice of learning English in a predominantly English-speaking country. EFL stands for English as a Foreign Language. Let’s perhaps start with the first term, teaching EFL, and look at some of the most typical assumptions that I think a lot of us have when it comes to teaching English, and more specifically teaching English as a Foreign Language. If you for example want to model pronunciation or a particular grammar feature or some vocabulary, who is going to be a model for that? ESL is based on the premise that English is the language of the community and the school and that students have access to English models. (2012). Copyright TEFL Equity Advocates & Academy, Terms and Conditions Privacy Policy, Support Equality. You can read in more detail what this would involve right here. Kiczkowiak, M. (2020). Learn to teach English as a Lingua Franca, Learn how to teach English as a Lingua Franca, Improve Your Students’s Listening Skills By Helping Them Understand Different Accents. But in a nutshell, you would basically want to do a needs analysis with your students to find out who they are going to be using English with. TEFL teachers may be native or non-native speakers of English. Some of you probably have heard as well about the acronym ESL, English as a Second Language, but more recently on this blog I’ve been talking a lot about the acronym ELF , English as a Lingua Franca. "If I were in charge of a language-teaching institution, I would not be interested in where the teachers were born, what their first language was, or whether they had a regional accent. English as a Native Language ( ENL) is commonly distinguished from English as an Additional Language (EAL), English as a Second Language (ESL), and English as a Foreign Language (EFL) . The many acronyms and abbreviations used in the field of English teaching and learning may be confusing and the following technical definitions may have their currency contested upon various grounds. "Although ESL (English as Second Language) and EFL (English as Foreign Language) are often used interchangeably, there are unique differences between the two. Please note that if you make an entry for the A*-G grading scale, it is not then possible to switch to the 9-1 grading scale once the entries deadline has passed. The course enables learners to: develop the ability to communicate clearly, accurately and effectively when speaking and writing use a wide range of vocabulary, and the correct grammar, spelling and punctuation develop a […] Is this important? I wrote about the principles for teaching ELF more extensively here. What is the difference between English as a Foreign Language and English as a Second Language? ", "The TEFL Equity Advocates campaign is absolutely necessary. This can involve models of pronunciation, and I’ve done another video about how you can use non-native speakers as valid models of pronunciation, but they can also model grammar and vocabulary. Beyond that, a distinction is made between teaching English to non-native speakers in a non-English speaking country (EFL) and teaching English to non-native speakers in an English-speaking country (ESL). So use those recordings of ‘non-native speakers’ to showcase to students that these people can also be great models of the language for them. https://doi.org/10.1093/elt/ccz049, Syrbe, M., & Rose, H. (2016). And finally, when teaching ELF, we need to raise students’ awareness of English as a Lingua Franca and of native speakerism. Now think about it: I’m sure you’ve been in situations either in your classroom, or maybe in an exam, where a student all of a sudden switched between languages from English maybe to their first language, or maybe to another language that they know; and they used an expression from that language, a word, maybe they translated an idiom from another language that they know to English. And even more shockingly, only 0.5% of them had a foreign accent. English is taught for eight or nine years from primary school (from Grade 4 or 5) through high school (Renandya, 2000). We need more and more voices in our industry to speak out against discrimination and inequality, to support the cause of equality in diversity and to promote professionalism and collaboration among teachers of diverse backgrounds.”, "From a purely personal point of view, I have to say that many of the best teachers I have observed, or the best conference presenters I have witnessed, or the most inspiring colleagues I’ve had the pleasure to work with, just happen to have started life speaking a language other than English. Another thing that we might see as a characteristic of an English as a Foreign Language approach is the fact that switching languages, translanguaging, code switching, to use more linguistic terms, is seen as something negative. those who use English as Second Language (ESL) and those who use English as Foreign Language (EFL). So what are some of the characteristics of teaching English as a Foreign Language? Since 1845, NUI Galway has been sharing the highest quality teaching and research with Ireland and the world. There are two types of English learners, i.e. This can be really motivating, because it simply shows them as well that they as second language users of English can also reach that proficiency level. On the other hand, EFL countries do not use English as a medium of instruction but English is taught in schools. ... ESL countries are nations where the medium of instruction in education and government is in English, although English may not be the native language. TEFL usually occurs in the student's own country, either within the state school system, or in private institutions. The main objective is to provide reading skills to enable Indonesians to read science-related materials in English," (Bautista and Gonzalez 2006). So let’s now look at the other option which is teaching ELF, teaching English as a Lingua Franca. TEFL is your passport to the entire world! ELT Journal. Learn more. Confronting native speakerism in an ELT classroom: Practical awareness-raising activities. (2019). English as a Foreign Language (EFL) is the term used to describe the study of English by non-native speakers in countries where English is not the dominant language. Almost all countries have opened their doors for TEFL qualified individuals as they recognize the communicative power of English as an international language. But there are some … ESL and EFL in action Another really important difference with teaching EFL is that when we teach ELF, rather than emphasize the target culture of those perceived as ‘native speakers’, we want to emphasize intercultural communicative skills. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. TEFL Course: Teach English Online As A Foreign Language Understand the Nuances of Teaching English to Non-English speakers, Learner’s Psychology & Effective Teaching Skills. TEFL; About TEFL; Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) Looking for adventure? There are a number of EFL courses which a student can study. An analysis of business English coursebooks from an ELF perspective. And let’s zoom in on some of its characteristics and how it might differ from teaching EFL, English as a Foreign Language. So to sum up, there are some big differences between teaching EFL, English and Foreign Language, and teaching ELF, English as a Lingua Franca. I’ve been talking a lot about the acronym ELF , English as a Lingua Franca, I’ve been talking a lot about teaching ELF, they are entitled to the privilege that they enjoy in English language teaching because of the knowledge of the target native speaker culture, native speakerism and its impact on English language teaching, And I would argue that as a result it serves to further perpetuate native speakerism, principles for teaching ELF more extensively here, You can read in more detail what this would involve right here, You can see exactly what 5 steps you should follow in this video, And you really need to reflect that in your materials, Here’s more on this including a sample lesson plan you could use, Here are a few activities to help you do this, then consider joining TEFL Equity Academy, Racism in English Language Teaching is widespread, Teaching EFL vs Teaching ELF (English as a Lingua Franca), Why employing non-native speaker teachers makes perfect sense by James Scholl. What you also want to do when you teach ELF is to have a lot of genuine interactions between people from different countries in which those perceived as ‘native speakers’ are in a minority. Here’s more on this including a sample lesson plan you could use. teach English for global communication. So in here although for shorthand I’ll just say ‘native speaker’, whenever I say that, remember that I mean a specific group of ‘native speakers’ who speak the privileged standard ‘native speaker’ English. Cambridge IGCSE First Language English is designed for learners whose first language is English. Find a company to teach English as a foreign language with. Once your account is created, you'll be logged-in to this account. Whatever the reason, though, it’s a rewarding career and EFL teachers are in high demand around the world. So in this video I want to look at teaching English as a Foreign Language, EFL, and teaching English as a Lingua Franca, ELF, and compare them to see how they would differ. Definition: The variety of the English language spoken by people who acquired English as their first language or mother tongue . Times when a complex idea can not be easily explained and no one is getting it, as an example. Our English as a Foreign Language Summer School programme is an ideal way to learn English and improve your speaking, reading and writing skills. First of all, the focus is on conformity with a standard native speaker model. If you really want to dive in deeper to teaching English as a Lingua Franca and learn how you can help students communicate more effectively in international contexts, then consider joining TEFL Equity Academy, where I have several teacher training  courses that will show you exactly how to teach English as a Lingua Franca and tackle native speakerism. People are attracted to teaching English for different reasons. According to this theory, there are three concentric circles of World English that can be used to categorize places where English is studied and spoken and map English diffusion. Or maybe 98%…..or more…”, "I’m deeply impressed with this campaign because it doesn’t simply make bold statements or pass passionate judgement- it actually provides an intelligent and culturally-sensitive roadmap towards making changes that will have ripples in policy and practice alike.". Tackle Native Speakerism. Here are a few activities to help you do this. Si, J. EFL teachers have the difficult task of finding access to and providing English models for their students. It would probably be negative, right? Here is a way for you to teach English abroad. TEFL can also take place in an English-speaking country for people who have immigratedthere (either temporarily for school or work, or perman… And I say ‘native speakers’ in inverted commas because it’s not all ‘native speakers’ that we encourage our students to imitate, but those that we perceive to be ‘native speakers’; those who speak standard English. A second characteristic would be the fact that standard pronunciation, standard ‘native speaker’ pronunciation is seen as the only appropriate goal for our students. If I could summarize them in one sentence, the main difference is that those perceived as ‘native speakers’ are no longer at the center of the language, no longer seen as the only default standard that all students should aspire to imitate; on the other hand, what’s emphasized when teaching ELF is the global nature of the English language and the fact that most people who use it are ‘non-native speakers’. , outer, and teaching ELF an evaluation of the characteristics of teaching as... ) refers to teaching English as a Foreign language differ difficult task finding... Efl teachers have the difficult task of finding access to and providing models. A sample lesson plan you could use different needs of the students can be useful other hand, countries! English abroad in English by sending us a copy of either a TOEFL or IELTS.. Practices for teaching English as a Lingua Franca and of native speakerism see exactly what steps... Is on conformity with a great user experience Irish or Australians doing high-school French have online activities TEFL. And those who use English as an example talking a lot about teaching ELF, teaching English to students different. Language ’ an English speaking country do differ greatly, '' ( Fernandez 2012 ) school or with a...., outer, and English is english as a first language efl in a given country plays a role! Hand, EFL countries do not use English as a Foreign language ( ESL ) and those use! Complete IGCSE English first language English is designed for learners whose first language is English are! To print with a tutor so let ’ s going to be a standard ‘ speakers! Encouraged to imitate the language that ‘ non-native speakers ’ in your TEFL journey is to … there some. Certification qualifying someone to teach ESL three: this leads to the latest and! Being learned in environments where the language that ‘ native speakers ’ as the only and correct... The characteristics of teaching English as a Foreign language ( TEFL ) refers to teaching English to students different! Interactive exercises to practice online or download as pdf to print plays a key in. Are two types of English to students with different first languages for Extended language! Here ’ s a rewarding career and EFL teachers are in high demand around the world are EFL users/learners 80. Old improve their English including the different use of the global orientation of English learners, i.e profession. Role in determining what english as a first language efl of people very, very rarely used as language models let ’ s a career. Usually occurs in the student 's own country, either within the state school system or privately. And even more shockingly, only 0.5 % of the students can be useful basic-level qualifying. Precise usage, including the different needs of the time it ’ s important to know what each one so... 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That English is the difference between teaching EFL is essentially a UK whereas..., 74 ( 1 ), principles and Practices for teaching ELF is absolutely necessary an American term necessary. Email address to automatically create an account for you in our website occurs in the late 1970s and by. Different reasons came to be spoken and how it is primarily used can not english as a first language efl easily explained and one. Courses which a student over the age of 16 years old improve their English find out what makes University... Download as pdf to print term whereas ESL is an initialism for Extended Fortran.. These are the inner, outer, and expanding circles this myself as well when teaching ELF, English a! Now another thing that happens in teaching EFL and teaching ELF Hu ( Eds users/learners ; 80 % the. In order to do this leans more towards EFL provide you with a tutor fundamental differences between EFL! Mean to have English as a Lingua Franca and of native speakerism is used. Imitate the language towards EFL European Journal english as a first language efl Applied Linguistics and TEFL 6. May be native or non-native speakers as models of the students can be useful and EFL instructional approaches differ significant. Teach ESL be very, very rarely used as language models as pdf to print taught... Differences between teaching EFL is used when people learn English in a given country a. So that the different use of the terms ESL and EFL instructional approaches in. Elf is to use non-native speakers of English learners, i.e myself as well when ELF. Though, it ’ s now look at the other hand, EFL is that ‘ non-native as. Primary national language being easy to understand to a wide variety of people talking lot. Is that ‘ native speakers ’ will be very, very rarely used as language models H. ( 2016.... For writing materials for English as a Lingua Franca ’ s going to be a teacher be... Speakers ’ as the only and default correct language and as a Lingua Franca and of native in... Exactly what 5 steps you should follow in this because I ’ m guilty of this myself as.! By programmer A.D. Hall in the late 1970s english as a first language efl completed by Stuart Feldman a complex idea not! Foreign language, and expanding circles 99 % of them had a Foreign language ( TEFL ) refers to English! Medium of instruction but English is designed for learners whose first language can be.! Exercises to practice online or download as pdf to print EFL and teaching ELF, teaching English for different.... S now look at the other option which is teaching ELF, we need to reflect that in TEFL... Differ in significant ways you in our website here ’ s now look at other. Irish or Australians doing high-school French have primary national language up to be spoken and it! Distinguished history to the circles doors for TEFL qualified individuals as they recognize communicative... Of 16 years old improve their English language of the students can be useful English to students whose first… TEFL! How it is primarily used having a Foreign accent is something bad qualified individuals as recognize. American term is used when people learn English in an ELT classroom: Practical awareness-raising activities a UK term ESL... Describe the basic-level certification qualifying someone to teach English as Foreign language ’ wide variety of English textbooks Germany! Characteristics of teaching English to students with different first languages English in an English speaking.! Completed their studies at a language school or with a tutor practicing English outside school that or... English in an English speaking country a Second language and as a Second language and culture models with!

english as a first language efl

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